What happens if a medical doctor gets charged with a DUI in California?

DUI Conviction Jeopardizes a Physician’s Eligibility.

Physicians who are convicted of driving under the influence are required to report their conviction to the California Medical Board. If they fail to do so, they could be fined up to $5,000.

A physician who has been charged with a DUI will also face criminal penalties in court as well as an administrative driver’s license suspension issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles.

According to California, if the medical board can prove that the actions constitute unprofessional conduct, though not necessarily criminal conduct, the medical board may be able to discipline the doctor. The medical board is not a criminal court, even if you are simply charged and not convicted of a DUI, you may face a medical board hearing.

If the board does decide to implement discipline, it must proceed through the administrative hearing process. You will have the opportunity to respond and defend yourself or demonstrate contrition by seeking a reduced level of license discipline. And in the event the discipline is the ultimate discipline – revocation – you still have a further chance to “appeal” or challenge that decision by way of petitioning for intervention by the Superior Court. In doing, so, you will want to ask for a stay during the appeal – this means that the disciplinary action, such as a suspension, will not go into effect until after the hearing on your petition.

How can you convince the medical board to allow you to keep your license after a DUI conviction?

It is possible. It just takes work. You’ll generally have to convince the medical
board of the following:

1. That this was an isolated incident and not part of a pattern of questionable behavior
2. That you do not have any sort of alcohol or substance abuse problem
3. That your conviction will not affect your ability to practice in any way

Any criminal conviction for a misdemeanor or felony will result in the notification of your licensing board or agency. There are even certain circumstances that will require you to notify your licensing authority if you are convicted of a crime.

The conviction is likely to lead to an action against your license. It is extremely important for your criminal attorney to understand the consequences that almost any conviction will pose for your professional or occupational license.

Importance of Using an Attorney to Protect Your Professional License

An attorney who specializes in professional and occupational license defense should be an integral part of your criminal defense team. The right defense employed well before the agency or board governing your license learns of your conviction may make all of the difference in the way things turn out. Sometimes the right defense can prevent a matter from ever being filed against your license.

At a minimum, the licensed defense attorney can advise you about what steps you need to take immediately to begin to rehabilitate yourself. Rehabilitation is the cornerstone of defending a licensee facing license discipline based on a criminal conviction.

Which Convictions Can Affect My Professional License?

Even convictions for driving under the influence or domestic violence are now considered substantially related to most licensees’ qualifications, functions, or duties as a licensee. This comes as a surprise to many licensees after they have agreed to plead guilty or no contest in a criminal case and then find that based on the plea and subsequent conviction, they may have their license revoked or severely restricted. This can occur even when the licensee has been able to negotiate a plea agreement that does not result in their conviction for a crime of moral turpitude based on the belief that this will avoid a licensing problem. Their criminal attorney either did not know about licensing law or failed to properly advise the client of the potential consequences of any criminal conviction. The definition of what constitutes a crime of moral turpitude has broadened. In some cases, the licensing authority looks beyond the actual crime you plead to, and will decide to investigate the facts and circumstances surrounding the commission of the crime to establish a basis to discipline your license.

Consequences of Actions Against Your Professional License

Any action against your professional license can have other negative consequences as well. For example, physicians and dentists may find that their liability insurance will be canceled, that they may be removed from insurance service provider lists, and may have hospital privileges removed. Physicians will find that criminal convictions cause a negative report to be posted about the physician with the National Providers Data Bank. This source is queried anytime a physician seeks new employment and is intended in part to prevent a physician disciplined in one state from moving to another state to practice without disclosing prior license discipline. On any future license applications, whether within California or in another state, all prior license discipline must be revealed. The failure to do so can be a separate basis to deny a new license application or can establish a basis to revoke a license.

Disciplinary Actions Become a Matter of Public Record

All disciplinary actions become a matter of public record. Most licensing boards and agencies now post pending actions as well as the final determinations online. Anyone can review your license history and status online with a few simple keystrokes. In highly competitive industries such as real estate sales or mortgage brokering, a competitor is likely to make sure others know all about your license discipline problem.

What Licensing Agencies Do When They Learn of Your Conviction

Whether you are applying for a license or already hold a license, the matter will be assigned to a trained investigator to collect all of the evidence necessary to establish a basis to discipline or deny your license. This will include the investigator obtaining certified copies of all of the court documents that apply to your criminal case, copies of police reports, obtaining sworn declarations from witnesses or victims, and interviewing the licensee regarding the facts and circumstances surrounding the conviction. Although many licensees and license applicants believe that they can represent themselves during the investigatory process, this is a big mistake.

A Disciplinary Action Will Be Filed

If you have been convicted of a crime that is considered actionable by your licensing authority, disciplinary action will be filed against your license or license application. You will not be able to talk your way out of it during an interview with the investigator and you may make comments or offer evidence that will hurt your case in the long run. While you should always be pleasant with the investigator, remember he or she generally has no authority to close an investigation without further action if you stand convicted of a crime.

In most cases, once you have been convicted of a crime, the investigation process is just a matter of the licensing authority going through the motions. The investigator has a checklist of pieces of information that must be gathered and then your file will be sent to the Attorney General’s Office or your licensing authority’s in-house legal department for review by a prosecutor. The prosecutor will file an action against your license or license application based on your criminal conviction.

An Accusation Against Your License

If you already have a license, the licensing authority will file an Accusation against your license. If you are applying for licensure, the licensing authority will file a Statement of Issues. With either, you have a limited number of days in which to respond in order to preserve your right to an administrative hearing before an administrative law judge (“ALJ”). Your failure to respond will result in the loss of your license or denial of your license application by a default process.

License Applicant Has To Prove That They Should Be Granted A License

If you are a license applicant, you have the burden of showing that you are entitled to a license. Despite this rule, the ALJ will expect the agency to present evidence to support its denial. This is a very simple task for the agency; all they need to produce are certified copies of your criminal court records to show that you have been convicted of the crime alleged in the Statement of Issues. You will have to convince the ALJ by a preponderance of the evidence that you should be granted some form of a license. Only an attorney experienced in these matters knows what sorts of evidence are necessary for your side to prevail.

The Burden of Evidence is on the Licensing Authority

If you hold a license, the burden is placed on the licensing authority to show clear and convincing evidence to a reasonable certainty that there are grounds to discipline your license. Again, in matters based on a criminal conviction, this only requires the prosecutor to produce certified court documents to establish that you stand convicted. Thereafter the burden shifts to the licensee to show that there are sufficient mitigating factors and/or rehabilitation efforts by the licensee to support a lesser form of discipline.

Resolution by Stipulation

Many licensing cases are resolved by stipulation (an agreement) between the parties. It is important to have experienced legal representation who can advise you in determining whether a proposed stipulation is a good outcome under the circumstances or if you are better off proceeding through the administrative trial process.